THE FOURTHWAY MANHO EJOURNAL Volume 75 September 20, 2019 

SUBJECTIVE AND OBJECTIVE  LOGIC By Professor Dr. Tan ManHo (An excerpt from the original work, Real World Views, Book 2, by Professor Dr. Tan ManHo entitled, "Biocosmic NervoReflectant and the Theory of Material Reflection in Man, Inner Development and Social Upheavals," July 1973 ~ September 1974 Discourses, Chapter 2, Section B & E: "Subjective and Objective" & "Logic," pp. 25~28 & pp. 44~46)
B. SUBJECTIVE AND OBJECTIVE
1
What
is commonly called the subjective is however another phenomenon of the
objective. The opposite, in grammatical sense, of the objections is
not the subjections. The subjective is a necessary integral of the
objective, in other words, the subjective is an objective phenomenon.
(May 5, 1973)
2
In
previous years I used to picture almost every paragraph and sentence I read
in the books. Reflecting deeply into its historical sequence and then
to compare what the actuality should have been. Often I transform
these ideas, concepts and even images into mathematical quantities including
their derivatives. I notice that sciences can be explained in
subjective manner – fictional sciences. Some of the ‘unexplainables’
which no logic can be used to explain can be explained mystically or
metaphysically. 3 To say something without any material basis is subjectivism; to say something with continuous reference to material basis is objectivism; to say something with continuous reference to 'objects' which are are in fact 'subjects' is objective subjectivism. Both are process of constructism! 4
Objective logic and subjective logic – important.
When one closes his eyes and thinks or imagines, one ends up in
subjectivism. When one opens one’s eyes and think with the objects in
front of him one becomes objective. By seeing reality as it is to
ensure objectivism. Subjectivism is a result of not seeing reality as
it is. Origin of subjectivism: In general, subjectivism is a result of analyzing
the reflections of the reflected objects. Although when the termino
does not interact with the objects, the ideas of that object still remains
is the mind, temporally. To analyze this idea will lead to what is
called subjectivism. Origin of objectivism: The immediate analysis of the reflections of
external objects by uninterrupted interactions of the termino with that
objects concerned, will lead to objectivism. Objectivism is the most
accurate “interpretation” of external objects their motions and
interactions, concerned. 5
Objectivism can leads to subjectivism and vice
versa. This is due to the relationship interaction of the termino with
external objects; every varying interaction may undergo this viceversa
transformation. Objectivism and subjectivism are characteristics of
the “termino”. In the less develop child subjectivism is prominent, in
a more developed adult; objectivism is more prominent, although there are
exceptions. Molding students into the subjective line of
thinking in this way, that is a)
Students must study for the sake
of passing the examinations b)
Lack of practicality All these must be done away with for real world
knowledge! 6 Subjective ideas, that is, ideas obtained from subjective thinking need not bear a wrong label. Whether subjective ideas are correct or wrong depends on practice. A subjective approach to a problem is a sign of incorrect approach. The right approach to all problems is the objective approach. We uphold objectivism.
7
Idealism, idealistic
thinking, or subjective thinking does not use the objective reality as the
foundation for his subjective thought, but rather, uses imagined situations
or written situations, rules and viewpoints as the starting point for its
‘logical arguments’. The idealists do not use objective reality or use
senseorgans to know the material object properly ….. they seek to abstract
from the real objects and begin from the ‘abstracts’. They are
incapable of touching the grounds of reality.
E. LOGIC 1
We must remember this. The logic in lower
mathematical thinking is formal logic. The mathematics of today has
often forgotten to meet its real father – the brain and the external
material world through measures. Pure mathematics as distinguish from
the physicist’s mathematics is a tautology of tautology. Applied
mathematics on the one hand is the abstraction of the abstractions …
sometimes it is also a tautology of tautology. The combinations of all
the abstractions into a single piece and to set then into motion – this is
considered the real outcomes of integrated abstractions from a man who has
incomplete knowledge of reality. To see real man or man in action,
that is, man in his practical activity, and not abstract man requires also
to see his brain and his external world. 2
To be serious in formation of ideas is necessary
but the ideas must come from the “objects” and must go back to the
“objects”. 3
Distinction between formal logic and dialectical
logic; In formal logic,
A=B
B=C
A=C (C=A) A is equal to B, B is equal to C. So A is
equal to C and C is equal to A. This is a formal logic. In dialectical logic,
A → B
B → C
C → A First A and B is becoming B and C linearly or
multilinearly, and that A and B give way to C; then C is becoming and then
give way to A. This new A is not the same as the old A. Conclusion: A ≠ A in dialectal logic. A = A in formal
logic, but becomes dialectical logic when the 2 As are same in the a third
something – a synthesis of the oft exclude middle third. That is, “Socialism” cannot become “Capitalism” in
dialectical logic but in formal logic “Socialism” can become “Capitalism."
Nature works dialectically and correct logic too much works dialectically,
formal logic is a “wrong” logic, logic obtained by or from the “reflection”
of unmoving fixations. Herein lies the possible origin of dialectical
and formal logic. Contemporary logic is mainly formal logic – typical of
all contemporary thoughts of our times. Dialectical logic is the most
advanced of logic and from a more advanced being – its logic tallies with the
dialectical behavior of the external world. Note: In dialectical logic,
A = B ( is not ) But B ≠ A is In formal logic,
A = B so B = A
