Volume 75       September 20, 2019


By Professor Dr. Tan Man-Ho

(An excerpt from the original work, Real World Views, Book 2, by Professor Dr. Tan Man-Ho entitled, "Biocosmic Nervo-Reflectant and the Theory of Material Reflection in Man, Inner Development and Social Upheavals," July 1973 ~ September 1974 Discourses, Chapter 2, Section B & E: "Subjective and Objective" & "Logic," pp. 25~28 & pp. 44~46)





1   What is commonly called the subjective is however another phenomenon of the objective.  The opposite, in grammatical sense, of the objections is not the subjections.  The subjective is a necessary integral of the objective, in other words, the subjective is an objective phenomenon.  (May 5, 1973)


2   In previous years I used to picture almost every paragraph and sentence I read in the books.  Reflecting deeply into its historical sequence and then to compare what the actuality should have been.  Often I transform these ideas, concepts and even images into mathematical quantities including their derivatives.  I notice that sciences can be explained in subjective manner – fictional sciences.  Some of the ‘unexplainables’ which no logic can be used to explain can be explained mystically or metaphysically.


3   To say something without any material basis is subjectivism; to say something with continuous reference to material basis is objectivism; to say something with continuous reference to 'objects' which are are in fact 'subjects' is objective subjectivism.  Both are process of constructism!


4   Objective logic and subjective logic – important.  When one closes his eyes and thinks or imagines, one ends up in subjectivism.  When one opens one’s eyes and think with the objects in front of him one becomes objective.  By seeing reality as it is to ensure objectivism.  Subjectivism is a result of not seeing reality as it is.

Origin of subjectivism:

In general, subjectivism is a result of analyzing the reflections of the reflected objects.  Although when the termino does not interact with the objects, the ideas of that object still remains is the mind, temporally.  To analyze this idea will lead to what is called subjectivism.

Origin of objectivism:

The immediate analysis of the reflections of external objects by uninterrupted interactions of the termino with that objects concerned, will lead to objectivism. Objectivism is the most accurate “interpretation” of external objects their motions and interactions, concerned.


5   Objectivism can leads to subjectivism and vice- versa.  This is due to the relationship interaction of the termino with external objects; every varying interaction may undergo this vice-versa transformation.  Objectivism and subjectivism are characteristics of the “termino”.  In the less develop child subjectivism is prominent, in a more developed adult; objectivism is more prominent, although there are exceptions.

Molding students into the subjective line of thinking in this way, that is

a) Students must study for the sake of passing the examinations

b) Lack of practicality

All these must be done away with for real world knowledge!


6   Subjective ideas, that is, ideas obtained from subjective thinking need not bear a wrong label.  Whether subjective ideas are correct or wrong depends on practice.  A subjective approach to a problem is a sign of incorrect approach.  The right approach to all problems is the objective approach.  We uphold objectivism.


7   Idealism, idealistic thinking, or subjective thinking does not use the objective reality as the foundation for his subjective thought, but rather, uses imagined situations or written situations, rules and viewpoints as the starting point for its ‘logical arguments’.  The idealists do not use objective reality or use sense-organs to know the material object properly ….. they seek to abstract from the real objects and begin from the ‘abstracts’.  They are incapable of touching the grounds of reality.




1   We must remember this.  The logic in lower mathematical thinking is formal logic.  The mathematics of today has often forgotten to meet its real father – the brain and the external material world through measures.  Pure mathematics as distinguish from the physicist’s mathematics is a tautology of tautology.  Applied mathematics on the one hand is the abstraction of the abstractions … sometimes it is also a tautology of tautology.  The combinations of all the abstractions into a single piece and to set then into motion – this is considered the real outcomes of integrated abstractions from a man who has incomplete knowledge of reality.  To see real man or man in action, that is, man in his practical activity, and not abstract man requires also to see his brain and his external world.


2   To be serious in formation of ideas is necessary but the ideas must come from the “objects” and must go back to the “objects”.


3   Distinction between formal logic and dialectical logic;

In formal logic,



            A=C   (C=A)


A is equal to B, B is equal to C.  So A is equal to C and C is equal to A.  This is a formal logic.

In dialectical logic,

            A → B

            B → C

            C → A 

First A and B is becoming B and C linearly or multi-linearly, and that A and B give way to C; then C is becoming and then give way to A.  This new A is not the same as the old A.


A ≠ A in dialectal logic.  A = A in formal logic, but becomes dialectical logic when the 2 As are same in the a third something – a synthesis of the oft exclude middle third.

That is, “Socialism” cannot become “Capitalism” in dialectical logic but in formal logic “Socialism” can become “Capitalism."  Nature works dialectically and correct logic too much works dialectically, formal logic is a “wrong” logic, logic obtained by or from the “reflection” of unmoving fixations.  Herein lies the possible origin of dialectical and formal logic.  Contemporary logic is mainly formal logic – typical of all contemporary thoughts of our times.  Dialectical logic is the most advanced of logic and from a more advanced being – its logic tallies with the dialectical behavior of the external world.

Note:    In dialectical logic,

            A = B ( is not )    But B ≠ A is

In formal logic,

            A = B so B = A






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