THE FOURTHWAY MANHO E-JOURNAL
Volume 126 August 24, 2020
THE BAGUA ENNEAGRAM: A POSSIBLE INTEGRATION OF THE TWO WORLD PHILOSOPHIES
By Professor Dr. Tan Man-Ho
(A Revised excerpt from the original work, Real World Views:Further Records, Book 23 by Professor Dr. Tan Man-Ho, Article 26, Topic "The Bagua Enneagram: A Possible Integration of the Two World Philosophies
Article 26, Topic
THE BAGUA ENNEAGRAM: A POSSIBLE INTEGRATION OF THE TWO WORLD PHILOSOPHIES
There are 8 trigrams for the Upper Story, 8 trigrams for the Middle Story and 8 trigrams for the Lower Story and altogether there are 8 x 8 x 8 = 512 Enneagrams, each with 9 lines either unbroken lines or broken lines and no middle (in-between) lines in accordance with the Law of the Excluded Middle. There are 2 Intervals, Mi-Fa Interval and "So-La Interval" for which the 1st lateral triad and lateral octave forces will have to enter and provide the 1st shock at Mi-Fa Interval and rises (refine) up and enter at the ‘So-La Interval’ to provide an inner 2nd shock to produce a 2nd lateral triad and lateral octave forces which will be fully expressed at the ultimate Ti-Do Interval.
There 3 inputs or source-arising
being-foods, that is, the 1st source-arising being-food Absolute or Wu (Do
9/0) at Ti-Do Interval where the 1st being-food enters as a becoming
fundamental octave, the Great Yin (3) at Mi-Fa Interval where a 2nd
source-arising being-food enters to provide a 1st Yin shock to this 1st
source-arising being-food and itself continues as a becoming 1st lateral
octave and the Great Yang (6) at "So-La Interval" where a 3rd source-arising
being-food enters to provide a 2nd Yang shock to this 2nd source-arisng
being-food and itself continues as a becoming 2nd lateral octave. The
becoming will finally reach the TI-DO Interval again where a shock from the
Absolute or Wu is required for the motion to continue as ascending next
higher level or descending next lower level of the fundamental octave or
just repeating the cycle at the same level again. The above is the
description of the 3 being-foods of the Bagua Enneagram.
There 3 inputs or source-arising being-foods, that is, the 1st source-arising being-food Absolute or Wu (Do 9/0) at Ti-Do Interval where the 1st being-food enters as a becoming fundamental octave, the Great Yin (3) at Mi-Fa Interval where a 2nd source-arising being-food enters to provide a 1st Yin shock to this 1st source-arising being-food and itself continues as a becoming 1st lateral octave and the Great Yang (6) at "So-La Interval" where a 3rd source-arising being-food enters to provide a 2nd Yang shock to this 2nd source-arisng being-food and itself continues as a becoming 2nd lateral octave. The becoming will finally reach the TI-DO Interval again where a shock from the Absolute or Wu is required for the motion to continue as ascending next higher level or descending next lower level of the fundamental octave or just repeating the cycle at the same level again. The above is the description of the 3 being-foods of the Bagua Enneagram.
The details of the 512 Enneagrams (64 x 8) of the Bagua Enneagram with
Head (Upper Story), Chest (Middle Story) and
Body (Lower Story) are shown below:
The details of the 512 Enneagrams (64 x 8) of the Bagua Enneagram with Head (Upper Story), Chest (Middle Story) and Body (Lower Story) are shown below:
64 Hexagrams of the Bagua Enneagram omitting the Middle but retaining the Head and the Body
Explanation of the Bagua Enneagram Integration:
The enneagram is a nine-pointed figure usually inscribed within a circle. Within the circle is a triangle connecting points 9, 3 and 6. The inscribed figure resembling a web connects the other six points in a cyclic figure 1→4→2→8→5→7 - 1→4→2→8→5→7 - ….. This number is derived from or corresponds to the recurring decimal ...142857= 1/7. These six points together with the point numbered 9 (9 or ‘0’ is the Absolute ‘Do’) are said to represent the main stages of any complete process, and can be related to the notes of a musicall octave, 9 being equivalent to "Do" and 1 to "Re" etc. The points numbered 3 and 6 are said to represent "shock points" which affect the way a process develops. The internal lines between the points; that is, the three-point figure and the six-point figure, are said to show certain non-obvious connections, although here very little elucidation is offered..
The answer to the 6 points non-obvious connections are found in the Bagua (8 trigrams) of I Ching each point is a ‘gua’ or a trigram and there are 8 basic ‘gua’s or 8 basic trigrams. All the 8 basic trigrams exist for the Heaven or ‘Above’ and likewise all 8 basic trigrams exist for Earth or ‘Below’. 2 trigrams (equivalent to an Ouspenskian Triads) can be put together to form a hexagram consisting of Heaven and Earth or ‘Above’ and ‘Below’ or ‘fine’ and ‘coarse’ or ‘Upper’ and ‘Lower’, so altogether, as the trigrams combined in all possible ways there will be 64 possible Hexagrams in the Chinese Hexagram. Inside each trigram are 3 lines (a line is a ‘movement’) and each line can be in the moving state of Yang (unbroken) line or in a moving state of Yin (broken) line. In a hexagram, there will be 6 such lines.
This is unlike the 64 Hexagrams of I Ching, the Chinese Book of Changes:
The 64 Hexagrams of I Ching or as
The 64 Hexagrams of I Ching or as below
These lines (energy and/or force lines of nature and psyche) are found in all the trigrams, hexagrams and the enneagrams to form the ultimate Bagua Enneagram. Together with the trigrams, hexagrams and enneagrams, the Bagua Enneagram is the complete symbol of everything living and changing in the Universe!
Background of the enneagram in Gurdjieff's cosmology (revised from Wikipedia)
The Enneagram according to Gurdjieff shows the "Law of Seven" and the "Law of Three" united and so some explanation of these laws is necessary here.
The Law of Seven or law of octaves, according to which phenomena evolves in seven steps; and the Law of Three, according to which phenomena are produced by three forces, are presented by Gurdjieff as global laws appearing on all scales and essential to his cosmology. This cosmology offers a view of how the world operates said to derive from alchemy and more ancient sources, and to complement or complete modern experimental science rather than to contradict it. According to this cosmology everything is material, including consciousness and spirit, and all matter can be assigned a "density"; consciousness and spirit for example having lower "densities of matter" (and therefore higher "densities of vibrations") than, for example, water while, for example, rock has a higher "density of matter" and lower "density of vibration" than water, and so on.
The diatonic scale in music is said to be an ancient application of the Law of Seven and a convenient way to study it. The major musical scale is used with short intervals at mi-fa and ti-do (Ouspensky refers to Ti as "Si" and So as "Sol" and the diagrams on this page reflect his usage). In other words if one thinks of a standard musical keyboard and takes for example middle C as Do then the following six white keys, DEFGAB will represent the rest of the octave, and the next white key will be the higher C. There will be black keys between each of the white keys, except between E and F (the mi-fa interval) and between B and the higher C (the si-do interval)
In any process described in terms of the Law of Seven, the Mi-Fa interval and the Ti-Do interval are said to be shock points where outside help is needed if the octave is to continue to develop as intended. A failure to recognize this in terms of human projects is said to be a major reason why things go wrong in general. The octave of electromagnetic radiation that appears as visible light, and the periodic table are said to be examples of physical phenomena where the underlying Law of Seven can be detected (although no detail is offered here). The musical scale Gurdjieff is quoted as using is not the modern standard musical scale but Ptolemy's intense diatonic scale, a just intonation scale associated with the Renaissance composer and musical theorist Gioseffo Zarlino.
The Law of Three holds that three forces act on any event, which can be called Active, Passive, and Neutralizing forces, or simply First, Second, and Third forces respectively. These three forces can appear in any order, 123 for example or 312, giving 6 possible "triads" of forces describing 6 very broad types of event. A ‘note’ is a ‘concentration’ or ‘stopinder’ (can be of energy or force or entity), which means do, re, mi, fa, so, la and ti are ‘concentrations’ or ‘stopinders’. In each ‘concentration’ or ‘stopinder’ consists of 2 opposing forces – Active Force (Unbroken line) and Passive Passive (Broken Line) and 1 Neutralizing Force (either Unbroken or Broken Line) to complete a ‘gua’ or a ‘trigram’.
Humanity is said to be "third force blind", to have difficulty recognizing the third force, which may appear to us in the guise of a result or of a background environment with a dominating unbroken line or dominating broken line. "People cannot perceive the third force directly any more than they can spatially perceive the 'fourth dimension,' " Gurdjieff is quoted as saying. But in any trigram, the third force or third line must neutralize with either an unbroken line (Yang) or a broken line (Yin) but no exact middle if movement must happen, otherwise it is a temporary ‘stop’. Even the slightest (Greater Yang) the line would be unbroken and treated ‘Yang’ or the slightest (Greater Yin) the line would be considered broken and treated as ‘Yin’. There is no middle and the third force is made blind to enable motion. If there is a third line that introduced uncertainty, then all the answers to the trigrams, hexagrams and enneagrams will fill with uncertainty, and uncertainty will become the only eternal principle of change – the uncertain answer or ‘maybes’ for every answer; this would call for probabilities! Those loving material beings that do not appears to have developed middle part such as a worm, a tree, a slug, corals, and the like, the middle trigram can be ignored and a hexagram (instead of a enneagram) can be used to interpret the nature of these beings.
There are 3 lines in the Upper Trigrams, 3 lines in the Middle Trigrams and 3 lines in the Lower Trigrams according to the Law of Triads. Upper, Middle and Lower Trigrams are also a Triads according to the Law of Three. As real world examples, you can take it as:
Head, Thorax and Abdomen; Coachman, Horse and Carriage; Driver (Passenger), Engine and Vehicle Body; Lau, Jing and Gong; Falau, Fajing and Fagong; Solau, Sojing and Sogong; Lalau, Lajing and Lagong; Tilau, Tijing and Tigong; Upper Class, Middle Class and Lower Class; Heaven, Man and Earth; Sun, Earth and Moon; Upper Center of the Universe Being, Middle Center of the Universe Being and the Lower Center of the Universe Being; Owner Employers, Employed or Owner Managers and Employee Workers; Directors (with share or without share), Managing Directors or Executive Directors or Managers (1st level, 2nd level and 3rd level) and General Workers (mental or manual); Thinking Center, Feeling Center and Moving Center; Instinctive Center, Sex Center and Moving Center; etc. The fundamental sociocosmic octave, the 1st lateral sociocosmic octave consisting of corporates in the Capitalistic mode of production where means of production is mainly owned by falau beings and not by fajing or fagong beings, the 2nd lateral sociocosmic octave consisting of nationates in the Socialistic mode of production where means of production are owned by the public (within the stopinder boundary of a nation) or just nationates but often eaten by corporates of the 1st lateral octaves through being-corruption, being-money-laundering, being-legalanaic bills, and all such similar sociocosmic hungry wiseacrings. Triads are required for inputs at MI-FA Interval and TI-DO Interval not necessary for "SO-LA Interval."
At MI-FA Interval of the 1st lateral sociocosmic octave we have the triad, Public Ltd. Company (Fa), Coperative Society (So) and Privatized Coporation (La) all three forces have triad properties. No triad at “SO-LA Interval” but rather the meeting point of an ending 1st lateral sociocosmic octave (capitalistic) and the beginning of the 2nd laterral sociocosmic octave (socialistic) that needs an inner shock to cushion the terror of reciprocal feeding exchanges that might happen. Another triad happens at TI-DO Interval where humanity-at-large (Fa), Space Exploration or just outward push-out from the Organic film on mother Earth’s surface (So) and Interplanetary Exploration (La) a further outward push-out into our solar system are also a peculiar triad which will become more obvious when earth beings encounter extra terrestrial beings. Since we have not yet encountered any of these alien beings but only amongst earth beings ourselves, our 2nd lateral sociocosmic stopinderation is only an infantile growing octave at best. We have been only capable of sending spacecrafts outwars, mostly on a one-way or just with return tickets without real encountering of another real sociocosmic stopinder aliens from outer space be fully conscious of this 2nd lateral sociocosmic octave.
In terms of the Law of Seven one of the three forces appears as the "do" of the octave and the other two appear as the "shocks" (which also function as the ‘do’ of new octaves). The explanation of these laws in In Search of the Miraculous is largely in abstract terms, with some detail given for the so-called "food diagram" described below and the cosmic octave, the Ray of Creation.
The enneagram shows the Law of Seven and the Law of Three in a single symbol with the three forces joined in a triangle at the 3, 6 and 9 points, and in addition six inner lines (hexad) following the 1, 4, 2, 8, 5, 7, 1,... sequence. The meaning of these six inner lines is not, by Ouspensky's account, made clear by Gurdjieff. This can be the hexad forces where the whole motion or movements can be found in the Chinese Hexagram or the Bagua of Chinese Cosmology found in I Ching or the book of Changes (added by Tan Man Ho). One shock point is shown on the enneagram at point 3, which is the Mi-Fa interval where it might be expected which needs a powerful Yin Force (from all broken lines) or a powerful Yang Force (From all unbroken lines). However the other is at point 6, at the “So-La interval” is an interval without portfolio and stays neutral but slyingly always express itself at the Ti-Do Interval. Expressed as Yang Force if the Mi-Fa Interval is shocked by a Yin Force and expressed as Yin Force if the Mi-Fa Interval is shocked by a Yang Force or if Yang Force is expressed at Ti-Do Interval, Yin Force would be expressed at Mi-Fa Interval and vice-versa. The “So-La interval” ("SO-LA Interval") might have been expected to be at the Ti-Do Interval as its stopinder has begun at SO just as the MI-FA Interval as its stopinder has begun from DO and ends at SO, and Gurdjieff is presented as offering this apparent mistake as a mystery to be solved. Ouspensky offers the solution that the shock at point 3 itself develops as an octave to point 6, where its own Mi-Fa interval occurs. This second octave cannot develop unless it has a shock at its own Mi-Fa, and this is the shock which in fact occurs at point 6. The example of the "food diagram" enneagram summarized below might clarify this.
SO-LA Interval is an anomaly. It is not from the fundamental octave which has only 2 intervals - MI-FA Interval and TI-DO Interval. There are 2 inner lateral octaves to every fundamental octave that arise at TI-DO Interval and MI-FA Interval. The 2 lateral octaves are shocked at "SO-LA Interval" of the fundamental octave by an input there which enables the 2 internal lateral octaves to integrate at their own MI-FA and/or TI-DO intervals. Owing to our aim of drawing a 9-pointed Enneagram in a circle (the circumference meant for the fundamental octave), the inclusion of a triangle for the three inputs (to represent the triad) and the inner forces through a repeated sequence of 142857 (to attempt to explain the working of the 2 inner lateral octaves that have first emerged from the TI-DO Interval through a 1st shock there and gets a 2nd shock at the MI-FA Interval there to complete the 1st lateral octave and finally a 3rd shock should theoretically be there (law of three) at "SO-LA Interval" to push or boost the 1st lateral octave into the 2nd lateral octave, and to finally complete the link at TI-DO for a next higher fundamental octave or the next cycle.
There is a Bagua Qian where the Hexagram is interpreted through a sign language known as wushu art or a Movement Calisthenics. Taji Quan is also a type of sign language for this Hexagram, if you are able to decipher ti.
Gurdjieff’s Movements is a sign language of the Enneagram besides having the therapeutic effects of breaking up mechanicalness of our bodies.
There is a Haida Yoga from Gurdjieff’s Teaching, an important and significant part of it is known as Gurdjieff's Movements or G-Movements which grows out from Haida Yoga and a symbolic, sacred sign language dance and an exercise! Gurdjieff's Sacred Dance is based on the understanding of a philosophy and theory of the enneagram or octaves, whereas Taiji Quan is based on the philosophy of Dao and Bagua or Hexagram, and Hatha Yoga is based on the OM or Yoga philosophy and the asanas or poses. Both Taiji Quan and Hatha Yoga Asanas have postures of animals from the biological octaves, whereas the Gurdjieff's Movements is dominated by abstract signs and symbols of a languaged-dance.
Wudang Bagua Zhang
Date completed: November 20, 2019